The Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), a Public Research Institution, was created by the legislative decree n. 381 dated 09.20.1999, becoming operative in January 2001 in close contact with the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR), with the Department of Civil Protection and with any authority responsible for emergency management both nationwide and at local and regional level.
The creation of the new Institution had the aim to collect, in a sole pole, the principle scientific national realities in geophysics and volcanology fields, by bringing together research bodies already operating in these areas.
The INGV is in charge of organizing the seismic and volcanic surveillance through the installation and the management of monitoring networks, technologically advanced, in order to monitor the entire national territory and the Mediterranean basin.
The current INGV section in Palermo was born from the acquisition of an existing scientific body: the Institute of Fluid Geochemistry (I.G.F.) of the Italian National Research Council (C.N.R.) that was engaged in the following activities:
- Fluid geochemistry in volcanic areas;
- Fluid geochemistry in seismic areas;
- Geochemical studies for geothermal researches;
- Methodological studies of geochemical monitoring of fluids to know and protect the environment.
Today the section in Palermo – in addition to carrying on these activities, participating in research projects either national or international and collaborating with Italian and foreign institutions through the stipulation of agreements and conventions – carries out activities of geochemical monitoring of active volcanoes in Italy.
The section in Palermo pays a particular attention to the diffusion of scientific culture through publications, development of teaching programs, divulgation of geosciences and training activities in collaboration with universities as regards theses, master’s theses and doctoral dissertations.